Get £5 off on orders over £50 - Use Coupon 'Nifty Fifty'

Byzantine Inventions

Byzantine Inventions and Innovations

The Byzantine Empire was known for many important inventions and innovations, particularly in the fields of architecture, engineering, medicine, and military technology. Here is a more comprehensive list of some of the most important Byzantine inventions:

  1. Greek Fire – an incendiary weapon used by the Byzantine navy that was composed of a mixture of chemicals that were sprayed onto enemy ships and ignited, causing great damage.

  2. The Hagia Sophia – a massive domed church located in Constantinople that was considered a masterpiece of Byzantine architecture and engineering.

  3. The Hanging Church of Cairo – another impressive example of Byzantine architecture that was built in the 7th century and is still in use today.

  4. The Cisterns of Istanbul – an extensive network of underground water storage systems that were built by the Byzantines to provide a reliable source of water for the city.

  5. Iconography – the development of a unique style of religious art that utilized intricate symbolism and vivid colors.

  6. Greek mathematics – Byzantine scholars made important contributions to the development of mathematics, including the study of geometry, trigonometry, and algebra.

  7. Silk production – the Byzantines were renowned for their production of high-quality silk, which they exported to other parts of the world.

  8. The Lycurgus Cup – a 4th-century glass goblet that changes color depending on the angle and intensity of the light.

  9. The Siphon – a device used for pumping water that was widely used in Byzantine aqueducts and irrigation systems.

  10. The Automaton – a self-operating machine or robot that was often used in Byzantine court displays and entertainment.

  11. The Kefi – a dance and musical genre that originated in the Byzantine Empire and later spread to other parts of the Mediterranean.

  12. The Hospital – Byzantine hospitals were among the first in Europe and provided medical care to people of all classes and backgrounds.

  13. The Hospital ship – Byzantine medical ships were equipped with physicians, surgeons, and medical supplies, and were used to treat wounded soldiers at sea.

  14. The Fireboat – a ship that was equipped with Greek Fire and used for naval warfare.

  15. The Greek Cross – a type of cross that was commonly used in Byzantine art and architecture, characterized by four equal arms.

These are just a few examples of the many important inventions and innovations that were developed by the Byzantine Empire.


– A brief history of the Byzantine Empire (Article giving an overview of the Empire from inception to fall)

– A Complete List of the Byzantine Emperors(Article with complete list of the Emperors of Byzantium from Constantine I to Constantine XI)

– The Rise to Power of Constantine the Great(Article about the struggle and rise of Constantine, founder of Constantinople)

– Who was Emperor Zeno? (Article about the life of Emperor Zeno)


Byzantine Collection (Byzantine themed merch from High Speed History)

Orthodoxy Mouse Pad @highspeedhistory

Greens Mug @highspeedhistory

Rhomaion Sticker @highspeedhistory

Byzantine Eagle Shirt @highspeedhistory


Comments are closed.

High Speed History

The History Store

Your cart is empty.